At first sight, fluorescence may seem a small and insignificant detail in the gemological certificate, but the truth is that it has a strong effect on the diamond's beauty and on the most important - value.
What is fluorescence?
When a diamond absorbs an ultra-violet light, it converts it into a visible glow or luminescence, called fluorescence. About 35% of all diamonds are fluorescence and in most of them, the glow is blue. There are five fluorescence grades: None, Faint, Medium, Strong and Very Strong.
How fluorescenceis graded?
There are five fluorescence grades: None, Faint, Medium, Strong and Very Strong. How does it affect the beauty and the value of the diamonds?
- InColorless (D, E, F)stones, strong or medium fluorescence decreases a diamond’s transparency, light reflection and retraction inside the stone. Under the influence of the daylight the diamond looks “milky” or “cloudy”. Such diamonds might be 30% cheaper, but the negative visual effect is not worth this “discount”.
- InNear Colorless (G, H, I)stones, the negative effect is less noticeable, but still, I wouldn't recommend purchasing strong and very strong fluorescence diamonds.
- InLight Yellow (J, K, L, M)diamonds and other lower color grades, strong blue fluorescence may actually have a partial positive effect. The strong blue glow of the fluorescence partly neutralizes the yellow tint of the stone. It creates an effect called “double face”: from the face-down position the color of the diamond remains the same, but from the face-up position the diamond’s color looks one grade lighter (better). So, in this case, a K color diamond with strong fluorescence, set in a ring, will look like a J color stone, in simple words – one grade higher.
So, even though the negative effect on light reflection and retraction remains, the fluorescence “improves” the apparent color in one grade.
What is thefinal conclusion?
In the case you look for Light Yellow diamonds (K, L, M, N) colors, you may consider buying diamond with “None”, “Faint”, “Medium”, “Strong” or “Very Strong” fluorescence. It will look one or two grades up “whiter”, but transparency and play of light in the diamonds may look decreased, comparing to non-fluorescent stones. What is the final conclusion?Choose “None” for Colorless (D, E, F) diamonds.Choose “None” or “Faint” (and in exceptional cases “Medium”) for Near Colorless (G, H, I, J) diamonds. Leave the rest of the grades: “Strong” or “Very Strong” to those customers who didn't read this article...
That’s all I wanted to tell you about.
By the way, do not be confused by some unusual fluorescence grades, like “Moderate” and “Distinct”. Those grades are used by some gemological laboratories to camouflage “Medium” and “Strong” fluorescence in gemological certificates and sweep them under the carpet.
Now, that’s really all..